Queen Victoria of England was part of which royal house? Which of the following is the world's first national park? He also poisoned most of the wells in the area. Which is the smallest known snake species? Meanwhile, Godfrey, along with Robert II of Flanders, who had also refused vassalage to Raymond, joined with the remaining Crusaders at Latakia and marched south in February. [24], In July 1095, Urban turned to his homeland of France to recruit men for the expedition. Which nation was NOT involved in the Battle of Waterloo? In July, the crusaders won the Battle of Dorylaeum, fighting Turkish lightly-armoured mounted archers. [113] Geoffrey and Raymond marched out to meet this force on 9 August with a force of only 1,200 knights and 9,000 foot soldiers. strategy game featuring unrivaled degrees of freedom. Charles Macintosh crafted a very early version of a raincoat from which material? Of the below commanders, which is best suited to lead troops when gathering resources? In which country did the Carlist Wars take place during the 19th century? [100] They might have been left with little choice, as by the time the Crusader army reached Jerusalem, it has been estimated that only about 12,000 men including 1,500 cavalry remained. In the Book of Exodus, who leads the Jewish people to the Promised Land? Which of the following doctors was the first to describe completely, and in detail, the systemic circulation and the function of the heart? [44] They gathered outside the Roman-era Walls of Constantinople between November 1096 and April 1097. [107] The eyewitness accounts from the crusaders themselves leave little doubt that there was great slaughter in the aftermath of the siege. Which European wrote the first travelogue detailing China's history, culture, and art? In the sack they killed most of the Muslim inhabitants and many Christian Greeks, Syrians and Armenians in the confusion. the more offspring produced the more likely they will survive. What discovery made the deciphering of hieroglyphics possible ? [15] The first waves of Turkic migration into the Middle East enmeshed Arab and Turkic history from the 9thcentury. In ROK, the Cataphract is which civilizations special unit? In addition, the Provenal contingent did not take part in the initial assault on 13 June 1099. . How many separate khanates or empires had the Mongol Empire fractured into by the time of Kublai's death in 1294? Which commander is commonly regarded as having exemplified the ideal of the Bushido Spirit ? 1% Rally Attack & Rally Troop March Speed. When was the Declaration of Independence written? What is the hardest part of the human body? If you are eligible to join a rally there will be a tap to join button. Who defeated the Sphinx according to Greek legend? The five versions of the speech differ widely from one another in regard to particulars, but all versions except that in the Gesta Francorum agree that Urban talked about the violence of European society and the necessity of maintaining the Peace of God; about helping the Greeks, who had asked for assistance; about the crimes being committed against Christians in the east; and about a new kind of war, an armed pilgrimage, and of rewards in heaven, where remission of sins was offered to any who might die in the undertaking. Which if the following buffs can take effect during Sunset Canyon battles? After this loss of all Crusader territory in the Levant, there were no further substantive attempts to recover the Holy Land. Grousset's volume on the First Crusade was L'anarchie musulmane, 10951130,[182] a standard reference in the mid-twentieth century. Which of the following is NOT a low country of Europe? Egyptians made paper from which material? Key Points The First Crusade (1095-1099), called for by Pope Urban II, was the first of a number of crusades that attempted to recapture the Holy Lands. The breakdown of the Carolingian Empire in Western Europe created a warrior caste who now had little to do but fight amongst themselves. Which Pharaoh ordered the construction of the Abu Simbel temples? Renaissance painters in Flanders, as in Italy, tended to produce what type of artwork? A riot broke out in the town, forcing Thoros to take refuge in the citadel. Probably more persuasive was the presence of the large army from Lorraine, led by him and his brothers, Eustace and Baldwin, vassals of the ArdennesBouillion dynasty. [121], Latin Christendom was amazed by the success of the First Crusade for which the only credible explanation was divine providence. Why does drinking coffee make people feel more awake? What race of creatures, mythical or otherwise, lived on Asgard according to Norse myth? What is the highest level a City Hall can reach in Rise of Kingdoms? Which of the following was built at the order of Shah Jahan in the memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal? Which of the following factors allows certain mixed drinks to be layered? The crusades caused a rupture in western-Byzantine relations. What were the men and women hiding from on the outskirts of Florence in the novella collection 'The Decameron'? The chapters on the First Crusade were written by Runciman and Frederic Duncalf and again are dated, but still well-used references. Which of the following French Kings was known as the Sun King? Malik-Shah was succeeded in the Anatolian Sultanate of Rm by Kilij Arslan, and in Syria by his brother Tutush I who started a civil war against Berkyaruq ibn Malikshah to become sultan himself. Which country was Marco Polo, a famous explorer and merchant, born in? There was no hope of trying to blockade the city as they had at Antioch; the crusaders had insufficient troops, supplies, and time. Thomas Asbridge (born 1969) has written The First Crusade: A New History: The Roots of Conflict between Christianity and Islam (2004)[194] and the more expansive The Crusades: The Authoritative History of the War for the Holy Land (2012). July 1124. [citation needed], Early in the 19th century, the monumental Histoire des Croisades[155] was published by the French historian Joseph Franois Michaud. For example, Kingdom 2737 to Kingdom 2744 are 8 kingdoms in the same Region. What is the root cause of altitude sickness ? [70] Hoping rather to force a capitulation, or find a traitor inside the citya tactic that had previously seen Antioch change to the control of the Byzantines and then the Seljuk Turksthe crusader army began a siege on 20 October 1097. Ancient Egyptian history spans how many kingdoms? [49], It is difficult to assess the motives of the thousands of participants for whom there is no historical record, or even those of important knights, whose stories were usually retold by monks or clerics. [38], At a local level, the preaching of the First Crusade ignited the Rhineland massacres perpetrated against Jews. Nevertheless, in at least some cases, personal advancement played a role in Crusaders' motives. Which of the following commanders was effectively the ruler of their kingdom, but never officially the head of state? Which war was fought between the Bristish houses of Lancaster and York for the throne of England? Torgny. The Norman Richard of Salerno wanted to take revenge for Tarsus, causing a skirmish between the soldiers of Baldwin and Tancred. Privacy Policy The Throwing Axeman is which civilization's special unit? [99], The Crusaders' arrival at Jerusalem revealed an arid countryside, lacking in water or food supplies. Which of these cities in Brazil has hosted the Olympic Games? The Windsor knot was made popular by which king of England? Tiny Auto Shop 2: Car Mechanic. The next two are still enjoying widespread use today. Tancred and Bohemond, as well as Godfrey, Baldwin, and their older brother Eustace III, Count of Boulogne,[61] are examples of families who crusaded together. What are the dimensions of the fog cleared by a Kingdom Map item? [110] Godfrey was then elected leader, accepting the title Advocatus Sancti Sepulchri or Defender of the Holy Sepulchre. ctrl-click (hold control and press left mouse button) to raise troops (raises all in the same county, ignoring supply limit) immediately ctrl-rightclick to order them to . Individual leaders continued to dispute the overall leadership, although none of them were powerful enough to take command on their own, as Adhemar was always recognized as the spiritual leader. The black plague did not hit Italy as a result of the alps. What does alliance skill "fully loaded" do? Which French monarch was known as Saint Louis? View Rise_of_Kingdoms_Peerless_Schoolar_Questions__Answers.xlsx from COM 7 at University of California, Davis. French historian Jean-Franois-Aim Peyr expanded Michaud's work on the First Crusade with his Histoire de la Premire Croisade,[158] a 900-page, two-volume set with extensive sourcing. To reverse direction quickly without a turn around. The Golden Bear Award is given out at which film festival? Pick up orange runes around the altar as they give you 15% more action point recovery rate. [23], Urban responded favourably, perhaps hoping to heal the Great Schism of forty years earlier, and to reunite the Church under papal primacy by helping the Eastern churches in their time of need. [62], The armies travelled to Constantinople by various routes, with Godfrey taking the land route through the Balkans. Which script was the Code of Hammurabi engraved onto stone in? Who first implemented the Julian Calendar in Rome? Enter the new civilization, participate in epic wars and become the conquer of the world. Which of these two were created by Leonardo da Vinci? move rallypoint. In most cases, which kind of lion has a mane? The northern states covered what is now part of Syria, south-eastern Turkey, and Lebanon. The four major varieties of Guzheng in Ancient China were the Haozhong, Luqi, Jiaowei, and the? Alexios' failure to reach the siege was used by Bohemond to rationalise his refusal to return the city to the Empire as promised. "[86], By January the attritional eight-month siege led to hundreds, or possibly thousands, of crusaders dying of starvation. [127] American historian August Krey has created a narrative The First Crusade: The Accounts of Eyewitnesses and Participants,[128] verbatim from the various chronologies and letters which offers considerable insight into the endeavor. It was launched on November 27, 1095, by Pope Urban II with the primary goal of responding to an appeal from Byzantine Emperor Alexios I Komnenos, who had been defeated by Turkish forces. [130], The anonymous author of the Gesta, Fulcher of Chartres and Raymond of Aguilers were all participants in the Crusade, accompanied different contingents, and their works are regarded as foundational. All ROK Peerless Scholar answers are provided below so that you can pass the Preliminary, Midterm, and Final Exams. Here there was no prospect of relief, even as they feared an imminent attack by the local Fatimid rulers. which of the following was praised by his countrymen as Ancient Greece's best and most honest democratic representative? Where did Genghis Khan start building his Mongolian Empire? Which commander signed a peace treaty with Saladin in 1192? During the card king event, the first 2 turns are free, after that its 300gems per card. Who was the only king of England to be executed? The First Crusade (10961099) was the first of a series of religious wars, or Crusades, initiated, supported and at times directed by the Latin Church in the medieval period. To represent an arch in perspective-first, if it be parallel to the picture, as the arches of a bridge gene rally are in landscape, as in fig. Best Rally Commanders. Which of the following is NOT one of Matilda of Flanders' skills? Which of the following wasn't a benefit from being a Scribe of Ancient Egypt? Reviews. Apart from "Number of Scouts" and "Power", which of the following Scout Camp parameters can also be upgraded? The Greek alphabet originated from which other writing system? Which of the following is a fossil fuel formed from marine organisms that is often found in folded or tilted layers and used for heating and cooking? For which disease did Edward Jenner, known as the father of immunology, develop a vaccine ? 1120. Who was the leader of the Western Army during the Battle of Sekigahara, which took place during Japans Sengoku period? Which European country's king funded Christopher Columbus' famous expedition? Which building was originally built in London to house the Great Exhibition of the Works Industry of All Nations held in 1851? [137] See also the works Die Kreuzzugsbriefe aus den Jahren, 10881100,[138] by Heinrich Hagenmeyer and Letters of the Crusaders,[139] by Dana Carleton Munro. Who wrote the well-known book A Brief History of Time? On 28 June 1098 at dawn the Franks marched out of the city in four battle groups to engage the enemy. This is common because a lot of new players start farming barbarians that are level 26 - 30. Which commander was known as the Celtic Rose? The Eastern church viewed the pope as only one of the five patriarchs of the Church, alongside the Patriarchates of Alexandria, Antioch, Constantinople and Jerusalem. This was ameliorated by Alexius financially rewarding the crusaders. In the Middle Ages the Crusader States were also called Syria or Syrie. This is literally the fastest build in Rise of Kingdoms and will get you wherever you want as fast as possible. Which modern-day city was Shakespeare's Globe Theater built in? Critical analyses of these works can be found in studies by Jonathan Riley-Smith and Christopher Tyerman.[124]. Appendix II: The Numerical Strength of the Crusaders. Where did the soldiers of Ancient Rome get their weapons and armor? [75] Baldwin desired to create a fiefdom for himself in the Holy Land,[76] and, in Armenia, he could count on the support of the locals, especially an adventurer named Bagrat. One "day" on the planet Venus is approximately equal to how many earth days? Runciman's first volume The First Crusade and the Foundation of the Kingdom of Jerusalem[183] has been criticized for being out-of-date and biased, but remains one of the most widely read accounts of the crusade. In Greek Mythology, what is the relationship between Zeus and Hermes? [citation needed], Godfrey, Robert, Tancred, and Gaston arrived at Arqa in March, but the siege continued. In, Murray, Alan V. The Bastille, a prison once located in the center of Paris, France, originally served what purpose? The building speed of buildings in your city. Who was the first King of Italy after its unification in 1861? The great French nobles and their trained armies of knights were not the first to undertake the journey towards Jerusalem. Reaching the city, he was well received by both Thoros and the local Christian population. Some eventually joined the main armies, although Emicho himself went home. Which landmark in Sydney, Australia is shaped like sails? In which country is the mysterious Stonehenge located? Who is the god of thunder in Norse mythology? "Edessa, County of". The Byzantine need for military support coincided with an increase in the willingness of the western European warrior class to accept papal military command. Which commander is known as the Conqueror of Chaos? Mutations are important because they bring about what? Which of the following commanders excels at leading cavalry? This may be the result of a cultural misunderstanding in that the Turks and Arabs did not recognise the crusaders as religiously-motivated warriors seeking conquest and settlement, assuming that the crusaders were just the latest in a long line of Byzantine mercenaries. [77] Kerbogha, ever on guard to defeat the Crusaders, gathered a large army to eliminate Baldwin. [60] For example, Robert of Normandy loaned the Duchy of Normandy to his brother William II of England, and Godfrey sold or mortgaged his property to the church. Which type of holy sites grant troop attack bonuses? During the Renaissance, why was Florence significant? What was the regnal name of the last emperor of China's Qing Dynasty? In Norse Mythology, what variety of trees was the World Tree? Which of the following achievements must be completed before the "Special Snowflake" achievement? Bagrat was tortured and forced to surrender Ravendel. TLEMCEN. It contains a certain amount of sedimentary water. The Foundations of the Latin States, 10991118. Other unofficial crusaders from Swabia, led by Hartmann of Dillingen, along with French, English, Lotharingian and Flemish volunteers, led by Drogo of Nesle and William the Carpenter, as well as many locals, joined Emicho in the destruction of the Jewish community of Mainz at the end of May. One of the biggest KvK mistakes you can make is not farming individual points effectively. Also, the Islamic world remained divided among rival rulers in Cairo, Damascus, Aleppo, and Baghdad. Most simply did not make it. The "American Dream" is rooted in which of these documents? [45] But Urban's speech had been well-planned. Which was the only ancient civilization to develop in a tropical jungle rather than a river basin? [103][104] The Crusaders' morale was raised when the priest Peter Desiderius claimed to have had a divine vision of Adhemar of Le Puy, instructing them to fast and then march in a barefoot procession around the city walls, after which the city would fall, following the Biblical story of the battle of Jericho. Four Crusader states were established in the Holy Land: the Kingdom of Jerusalem under Godfrey of Bouillon but not using the title king, the County of Edessa, the Principality of Antioch, and the County of Tripoli. What is the in-game nickname of Cleopatra VII? Which of the following inventions did NOT come about during the first industrial revolution? What is the most abundant element in the earths crust? Redeem Codes. Which Dutch Scientist is know as "the father of microbiology"? How long does the "Basic Army Expansion" boost last? For instance, Bohemond was motivated by the desire to carve himself out a territory in the east, and had previously campaigned against the Byzantines to try to achieve this. Continuing south along the coast, the Crusaders passed Beirut on 19 May and Tyre on 23 May. In the Commander View page , what buff do commanders acting as a "King Head" get? In which gallery is the Mona Lisa currently held? Baldwin demanded Balduk's wife and children as hostages, and upon his refusal, Baldwin had him captured and executed. In, Edgington, Susan, and Murray, Alan V. (2006). What is the default transportation capacity if your trading post is Level 25? Estimates for the number of knights range from 7,000 to 10,000; 35,000 to 50,000 foot soldiers; and including non-combatants a total of 60,000 to 100,000. A full great company sailed across the turbulent miasma, making planetfall as crusade departed their rally point. What two major works are attributed to homer? Women were expelled from the camp. [50] Even with this popular enthusiasm, Urban was ensured that there would be an army of knights, drawn from the French aristocracy. Which of the following is a name for sedimentary rock formed from decayed plant materiel in swampy areas? Galileo's Leaning Tower of Pisa experiment overturned a theory of which Ancient Greek scientists? The Day of the Tiles is regarded by some historians to mark the beginning of the French Revolution. Both mutations and Genetic recombination. Which of the following did Desiderius Erasmus and Thomas More have in common? Derivative accounts of the Crusade include Bartolf of Nangis' Gesta Francorum Iherusalem expugnatium,[131] Henry of Huntingdon's De Captione Antiochiae,[132] Sigebert of Gembloux's Chronicon sive Chronographia,[133] and Benedetto Accolti's De Bello a Christianis contra Barbaros. Which of these is not a natural resource? Both mutation and genetic recombination. Fuller's account was more anecdotal than historical, and was very popular until the Restoration. In which year did Richard the Lionheart and Saladin sign a truce? On 24 June the Franks sought terms for surrender that were refused. The earliest initiative for the First Crusade began in 1095 when Byzantine emperor Alexios I Komnenos requested military support from the Council of Piacenza in the empire's conflict with the Seljuk-led Turks. What is the conversion ratio of amperes (A) to milliamperes (mA)? Which commander is nicknamed the Father of Conquest? In the following two decades they conquered Iran, Iraq and the Near East. Raymond used the spear to lead the Crusaders out of the city of Antioch to victory against a much greater army. Which of these buildings is NOT one of the New Seven Wonders of the World? Who was the first of Henry VIII's children to rule England? With whom did Minamoto no Yoshitsune raise an army to fight Taira no Kiyomori? Aside from Adhemar and Raymond, other leaders he recruited throughout 1096 included Bohemond of Taranto,[51] a southern Italian ally of the reform popes; Bohemond's nephew Tancred;[52] Godfrey of Bouillon,[53] who had previously been an anti-reform ally of the Holy Roman Emperor; his brother Baldwin of Boulogne;[54] Hugh I, Count of Vermandois,[55] brother of the excommunicated Philip I of France; Robert Curthose,[56] brother of William II of England; and his relatives Stephen II, Count of Blois,[57] and Robert II, Count of Flanders. Adhemar believed this to have been caused by their sinful nature, and rituals of fasting, prayer, alms-giving and procession were undertaken. In ancient Greek mythology, who was the wife of Hades, the king of the underworld? After a Venus Flytrap catches an insect, how does it digest and absorb the prey? Which of the following commanders joined a rebellion against her own husband? Edward VIII became King of England in January 1936. [99], After the failure of the initial assault, a meeting between the various leaders was organized in which it was agreed upon that a more concerted attack would be required in the future. In the Commander View page , what buff do commanders acting as a "Iron Guard" get? Augustine wrote that an aggressive war was sinful, but war could be justified if proclaimed by a legitimate authority such as a king or bishop, it was defensive or for the recovery of lands, and it did not involve excessive violence. Who was called "Napoleon of crime" in some of the Sherlock Holmes stories? [32] Urban had planned the departure of the first crusade for 15 August 1096, the Feast of the Assumption, but months before this, a number of unexpected armies of peasants and petty nobles set off for Jerusalem on their own, led by a charismatic priest called Peter the Hermit. Collectively, Brhier and Barker wrote more than 50 articles for these two publications. Which title did Pierre de Coubertin, founder of the International Olympic Committee, hold ? This time, Alexios was more prepared for the crusaders and there were fewer incidents of violence along the way. [106] When the defenders on the southern wall heard of the fall of the northern wall, they fled to the citadel, allowing Raymond and the Provenals to enter the city. Violent acts were commonly used for dispute resolution, and the papacy attempted to mitigate it. My power scares even the ghosts. Add Me. The cone-shaped winds of tornadoes are notable for doing what? The Peerless Scholar has three stages: preliminary, midterm, and final exam. Iftikhar al-Dawla, the commander of the garrison, struck a deal with Raymond, surrendering the citadel in return for being granted safe passage to Ascalon. The Punic Wars were fought by Ancient Rome and what other Ancient Empire? Which Civilization was the first to have public toilets? [80] Before departing for Edessa, Baldwin ordered the arrest of Bagrat, accused of collaboration with the Seljuks. You wait for levies. Which of the following does the green Olympic Ring represent? Alexios and Urban had previously been in close contact in 1089 and after, and had discussed openly the prospect of the (re)union of the Christian church. The 19th-century French work Recueil des historiens des croisades (RHC) documents the original narrative sources of the First Crusade from Latin, Arabic, Greek, Armenian and Syriac authors. Who was praised by his countryman as ancient Greece's best and most honest democratic representatives? What is the name of the Turkish straits that divide Europe from Asia? Which war was fought between the British? The Phoenician civilization originated in which part of the world? Among the participants in the later Crusade of 1101 were Stephen of Blois, and Hugh of Vermandois, both of whom had returned home before reaching Jerusalem. Keratin, Which of the following civilization can increase their healing speed? On leaving Byzantine-controlled territory in Anatolia, they were annihilated in a Turkish ambush led by the Seljuk Kilij Arslan at the Battle of Civetot in October 1096. Emicho's army eventually continued into Hungary but was also defeated by Coloman, at which point, Emicho's followers dispersed. [156] under the editorship of Jean Poujoulat. In which country was the microscope invented? Which demigod captures Cerberus, the three-headed hound of Hades, according to Greek mythology? [78], Tancred had meanwhile seized the town of Mamistra. Just another site The latest vikings map brings unrivaled degrees of freedom to the world's first true. The Fatimids had recaptured Jerusalem from the Seljuks the year before and attempted to make a deal with the Crusaders, promising freedom of passage to any pilgrims to the Holy Land on the condition that the Crusaders not advance into their domains, but this was rejected. Who is the 'god of love' in Norse mythology? A decrease in which of the following metrics might indicate increasing nearness to a state of vacuum? Imhotep. Who was the only US President that served more than 2 terms? The opportunity was wasted though, as squabbling between Raymond and Godfrey prevented an attempt by the city's garrison to surrender to the more trusted Raymond. If the man with type ab blood and woman with type b blood have baby? Moreover, the acquisition of Ravendel, Turbessel and Edessa strengthened the position of the main crusader army later at Antioch. Who did Boudica lead the tribes of Britain in a revolt against? Chief rabbi Kalonymus Ben Meshullam committed suicide in anticipation of being killed. [91] Because of what looked like a massive betrayal, the leaders at Antioch, most notably Bohemond, argued that Alexios had deserted the Crusade and thus invalidated all of their oaths to him. [66], The Crusader armies crossed over into Asia Minor during the first half of 1097, where they were joined by Peter the Hermit and the remainder of his relatively small army. [citation needed], The first use of the term crusades was by 17th century French Jesuit and historian Louis Maimbourg[148] in his Histoire des Croisades pour la dlivrance de la Terre Sainte,[149] a populist and royalist history of the Crusades from 1195 to 1220. Which god is Taranis in Celtic mythology? Many deserted, including Stephen of Blois. Which unit gains a strong benefit from Sun Tzus Master Strategist skill? Why was British nurse Florence Nightingale known as "The Lady with the Lamp"? [citation needed], Since the 1970s, the Crusades have attracted hundreds of scholars to their study, many of which are identified in the on-line database Historians of the Crusades,[187] part of the Resources for Studying the Crusades created at Queen Mary University of London in 20072008. He married Arda of Armenia, who later became queen consort of the Kingdom of Jerusalem, and encouraged his retainers to marry local women. Which of these is used to rally alliance troops? The epic Poem of El Cid originated from which country? Which musician composed The Marriage of Figaro? Raymond IV of Toulouse, by Merry-Joseph Blondel, 1843, via French Ministry of Culture. Epistvl et chart ad historiam primi belli sacri spectantes qv svpersvnt vo qvales ac genvin: Gibbon, E., Kaye, J., Scott, W., Caoursin, G. (1870). Which of these is not one of Cao Caos skills? Who designed the Djoser, the first ancient pyramid featuring a stepped design? [95][96], Proceeding down the Mediterranean coast, the crusaders encountered little resistance, as local rulers preferred to make peace with them and furnish them with supplies rather than fight. How many reward chests are awarded for reaching 60 daily activity points? Which of the following is the world's largest island? Rise of Kingdom is available on Google Play and App Store, and you can also play Rise of Kingdoms on an android emulator. Which planet in our solar system rotates the fastest? Who gave the famous "I Have a Dream" speech? On 8 April, Arnulf of Chocques challenged Peter Bartholomew to an ordeal by fire. Wracked by confusion and division, the Islamic world disregarded the world beyond, so that, when the First Crusade arrived, it came as a surprise. On 6 June, Godfrey sent Tancred and Gaston to capture Bethlehem, where Tancred flew his banner over the Church of the Nativity. [citation needed], Raymond planned to take Tripoli to set up a state equivalent to Antioch, but first initiated a siege of Arqa, a city in northern Lebanon, on 14 February 1099. Important related works include the Greek perspective offered in the Alexiad by Byzantine princess Anna Komnene, daughter of the emperor. [116] Relations between the newly created Crusader states of the County of Edessa and Principality of Antioch were variable. Which of the following civilizations cannot buff their cavalry? Jerusalem was reached in June 1099 and the Siege of Jerusalem resulted in the city being taken by assault from 7 June to 15 July 1099, during which its defenders were ruthlessly massacred. Who is the world are free, after that its where was the rallying point for the first crusade rise of kingdoms per card Tarsus, a... 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